Political structure

Djibouti is a semi-presidential republic, with a balance of power vested across three independent authorities. These are the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary.

  • The Executive

    The president of the Republic of Djibouti is elected by full universal suffrage for a term of five years. The incumbent President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh was popularly elected in 1999 and re-elected again twice in 2005 and 2011. 

    Under his leadership, Djibouti has achieved political stability and remarkable economic growth. The President plays a major role in promoting regional integration, and peace and security in the Horn of Africa. Today, Djibouti is one of the main contributors of troops to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), and is working closely with its international partners to combat piracy and terrorism in the region. President Guelleh continues to support neighbouring Somalia, and provides critical humanitarian assistance to thousands of Yemeni refugees. Since taking office, he has implemented reforms for the consolidation of democracy and good governance. He has also begun to diversify the local economy, which is projected to grow by 5.5% in 2015. In recent years, he has presided over a multitude of major infrastructure projects, attracting foreign investment and creating thousands of jobs for Djiboutians.

    The prime minister assists the president in the exercise of his functions and coordinates government action. Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed has been Djibouti's prime minister since 2013.

    The most recent government reshuffle took place in March 2013 when Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed was appointed prime minister with a view to accelerating reforms and modernising the country.

    For more information, visit www.presidence.dj

  • The Legislative

    Djibouti’s National Assembly is made up of a 65-member chamber of deputies, who are elected for a term of five-years by direct universal suffrage.

    The National Assembly is composed of a coalition of five parties, the People's Rally for Progress (RPP), the Front for Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD), the National Democratic Party (PND), the Social Democratic People's Party (PSD) and the main opposition coalition, the Union of National Salvation (USN), which is made up of seven parties, holds 20% of the seats.

    In December 2014, Djibouti's government and the USN opposition coalition signed an agreement that would pave the way for opposition lawmakers to make their first parliamentary appearance, and for reforms of the country's electoral body. 

  • The Judiciary

    The Djiboutian legal system consists of lower courts, an appeal court and a Supreme Court. The President of the Supreme Court, currently Khadija Abeba, is the country’s highest-ranking female official. She replaces the President in the event of a vacancy in the office, whether for reasons of illness, or death.